Metoprolol belongs to a group of beta-blockers. They affect the heart and circulation by making normal blood flow through arteries and veins.
The drug is indicated for angina treatment known as chest pain. It is also used for hypertension (high blood pressure). The drug is used as a complex therapy to treat or prevent heart attack.
In case you have a serious heart problem such as heart block, sick sinus syndrome, or slow heart rate, this drug should not be used.
Your doctor may adjust special tests or dose for you if you have:
- congestive heart failure;
- low blood pressure;
- problems with circulation;
- asthma, bronchitis, emphysema;
- liver or kidney disease;
- a thyroid disorder.
Try to take this drug exactly as prescribed by your doctor at the same time every day. Do not enlarge your dose on your own. Read your prescription label carefully.
In case overdose occurs, get emergency medical attention. Overdose symptoms may include: slow or uneven heartbeats, shortness of breath, bluish-colored fingernails, dizziness, weakness, or fainting.
The drug is to be taken with food or just after a meal.
It is necessary to check your blood pressure regularly. Visit your doctor if you feel your condition is worsening.
The drug should be used as part of hypertension treatment which includes diet, exercise, and weight control.
High blood pressure often has no symptoms. Even if you feel well, do not stop using this drug. Sometimes it is necessary to take high blood pressure medicines for the rest of your life.
Metoprolol may influence on your thinking or reactions. If you start taking this drug for the first time, try not to drive or do anything that requires you to be alert until you know how this drug affects you.
Metoprolol may cause severe allergic reactions such as: hives, difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat. In case you experience these allergic reactions, get emergency medical help.
Metoprolol serious side effects include:
- pounding heartbeats or fluttering in the chest;
- light-headedness, fainting;
- nausea, upper stomach pain, itching, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice;
- easy bruising, unusual bleeding (nose, mouth, vagina, or rectum), purple or red pinpoint spots under your skin;
- trouble breathing;
- depression, confusion, memory problems, hallucinations;
- cold feeling in your hands and feet.
Less serious side effects may include:
- dry mouth, constipation, heartburn, vomiting, diarrhea;
- decreased sex drive, impotence, or difficulty having an orgasm;
- headache, drowsiness, tired feeling;
- sleep problems (insomnia);
- anxiety, nervousness.
The list of side effects is incomplete, if you have other unusual or serious conditions, call your doctor immediately.
The drug may interact with other medications, tell your doctor about any medicines you take.
Store metoprolol at room temperature, away from moisture and heat. Keep away from children and pets. Do not give this drug to other persons even if they have the same symptoms as you.