Chemical structure is most similar to norfloxacin, which differs from the replacement of the ethyl group at the nitrogen atom in position 1.
For antimicrobial spectrum of ciprofloxacin is similar to other fluoroquinolones, but it has a relatively high activity, approximately 3 – 8 times more active than norfloxacin.
The drug is effective when administered within and parenterally.
Use Cipro, especially on an empty stomach, it will absorb quicker. Peak plasma concentrations are observed in 1 – 2 hours after ingestion and 30 min after intravenous administration.The half-life – about 4 hours. It influanses the organs and tissues, passes through the blood-brain barrier.
About 40% excreted in the urine unchanged within 24 hours
Indications for use are basically the same as for ofloxacin and other fluoroquinolones (respiratory tract infections, skin and soft tissues, bones and joints, gastrointestinal tract, including infections caused by salmonella, campylobacter and other pathogens ; gonococcus infections, meningitis, postoperative infectious complications, sepsis and other chronic inflammatory processes).
The drug is highly effective in urinary tract infections, ingestion, he quickly gets into the kidneys, long separated, has a bactericidal effect on Pseudomonas aeruginosa (the predominant pathogens in complicated urinary tract infections).
Quick analysis of Cipro medicine
Cipro is a medicine containing ciprofloxacin, an antibiotic of wide spectrum from the group of fluoroquinolones. The action of Cipro in the body consists in fighting bacteria to help the body recover from the disease faster.
The medicine is used to treat different types of infections caused by susceptible bacteria and to prevent anthrax.
Cipro must not be used if a patient is taking tizanidine, steroid medicines.
This antibiotic must not be used in patients, who are allergic to antibiotics.
Cipro may be contraindicated for patients who have muscle conditions especially, myasthenia gravis.
This medicine may be also inappropriate for patients who have transplants, kidney or liver condition, or who are older than 60 years of age.
Before Cipro application
Prior to Cipro application, one should visit a doctor. It is necessary to get the proper dosage and other information about how to use this medicine safely.
Sometimes special procedure and tests are made before prescribing Cipro, including blood testing. In patients who suffer from heart rhythm disorder, Long QT syndrome history, tendon issues, arthritis, joint issues and muscle or nervous system disorder, the use of this medicine may be limited or restricted.
How to take Cipro?
Take it every 12 hours unless if your doctor recommends to take it otherwise. This potent antibiotic should be used only in the prescribed dosage and with water. Food doesn’t interfere with Cipro effects, so you may take the medicine with or without food.
Still not all kinds of food can be used. Dairy products such as milk and milk containing products should be avoided with Cipro. They contain calcium and can decrease the effectiveness of this antibiotic.
Cipro should be used the full period of time prescribed by your doctor.
Side effects possible with Cipro
Unfortunately all antibiotics affect the body and its systems. Cipro may also cause side effects such as stomach upset and pain, dysbacteriosis and skin reactions. In most patients, however, these unpleasant side effect do not occur. The serious side effects such as allergic reactions, tearing of a tendon, nerve damage and others happen very rarely.
To avoid any side effects, it is necessary to take this medicine correctly and never overdose it. If you want to get more information about Cipro, please ask your doctor or pharmacist.