Atarax (hydroxyzine hydrochloride) is a sedative medication used for symptomatic relief of anxiety and tension related to psychoneurosis. The medication is used as an adjunct therapy and premedication before general anesthesia. Atarax is also indicated to manage pruritus due to allergic conditions including chronic urticaria, skin reactions such as hives atopic and contact dermatoses and to treat histamine – mediated pruritus.
In addition the medication may be used as a sedative to control nausea and vomiting.
Atarax acts by reducing central nervous system activity. As an antihistamine the medication decreases the natural chemical histamine in the human body.
The medication is produced in the dosage forms of tablets and syrup.
Before taking this medication you should consult your doctor to be sure that this medication is safe for you and will not cause you any harm.
Certain groups of patients should not use this drug:
- Pregnant women;
- Patients with allergic reactions to any component in Atarax;
- Patients with a seizure disorder, severe kidney or liver impairment.
Your doctor should be informed about your other conditions including:
- Thyroid disorder;
- Stomach ulcers;
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia;
- Liver or kidney diseases;
- Heart disease;
Atarax may affect your reactions and thinking, so if you operate machinery or drive, do not use this medication. Alcohol may increase the possibility of side effects of Atarax, do not use alcohol while being treated with this medication.
Take your Atarax dose regularly with water. The syrup form of the drug should be measured with a special measuring spoon.
Atarax may cause side effects. Most common side effects include: headache, dry mouth and blurred vision.
Less common side effects are: allergic reactions, dizziness, drowsiness.
Serious side effects of the medication demand medical help, they include: restless muscle movements, tremor, confusion, seizures and others. If any serious side effect occur, call your doctor or get emergency medical help.
Before using Atarax tell your doctor about all other medication you use. Some medication may interact with Atarax and their combination should be generally avoided. Ask your doctor about Atarax drug interaction.